Data Center is the centralized location where a group of computing and networking related equipment are concentrated for various purposes like collecting, storing, processing, distributing or allowing access to a large amount of data in a very organized manner. Internet that we are using are coming from various datacenter so sometimes datacenter is called Engine of Internet or Brain of the Internet. The datacenter may be of any type private or shared varies from Simple to Complex.
Component of DataCenter
There are various components used in the datacenter. Some of the important components are:
1)Server: Because of the high concentration of servers, some times the data centre is also called as Server Farms.
2)Cooling System: Temperature and Humidity are controlled via air conditioning in DataCenter.
3)Ventilation System: Proper Ventilation system is required to ensure optimal air-flow in and out of the datacenter.
4)Scrutinized Security System: This will prevent unauthorized access to data across centres.
5)Power Distribution and Backup System: Use UPS, Battery banks, Capacitors, etc.
6)Fire Protection: Use Fire Sprinkler System.
7)Racks: Racks supports various components such as a server, storage devices and switches for space consumption and easy management.
Security and Reliability and Availability of data are the top priority of datacentre.
Emerging Technology in DataCenter
Some of the emerging technology in the data center is described below:
1) Edge DataCenter
It is a data center present between the central data centre and the end-user. Some of the aims of Edge DataCenter are:
- Reduce Latency
- Decrease Network Congestion
- Keep the mission-critical system on-premises.
- Acts as data-aggregation and content-caching between an end-user and datacenter.
2) All-Flash Solution
Replace HDD storage disk of the server with a more efficient all-flash solution like SSD. Some of the advantages of All Flash Devices are:-
- Faster than spinning HDD
- Unlike spinning disk and tape, it doesn't have any movable part and magnets. So damage while moving disk from place to place.
- Its booting time is faster than HDD.
- Fragmentation of drive is not necessary to store data.
- It does not make noise or vibration as it doesn't have a movable part.
- SSD supports Disk Encryption.
- Non-volatile and easy rewritable.
- Access Time is faster than HDD
- Low failure rate and Low I/O waiting Time
3) Use Converged Technologies
Data Center design can be simplified by using Converged Infrastructure and Hyper-Converged Infrastructure Technology and this will make the business to be more agile.
4) Make more investment in making the data centre more efficient in the management and operation of the data center.
a) Use DCIM Tools: DCIM tools are Data Center infrastructure management (DCIM) tools. The biggest reason for making an investment in buying DCIM tools is for disaster prevention.DCIM tools help to monitor, manage and control data center utilization and energy consumption of all IT-related equipment. It provides a wide range of configuration, reporting and management capability. DCIM helps in improving data center capacity planning, managing, and monitoring energy costs. Actually, DCIM software collects data from IT and facilities and consolidates those data into relevant information and reports it in real-time to enable efficient management, optimization and future planning of data center resources such as capacity, power, cooling, space, and assets.
b) Use Liquid Cooling Technology: Use liquid cooler instead of traditional air cooler in CPU. Using liquid cooler ways to cool the CPU because water heat transfer is much faster than air. Also, liquid cooling makes server CPU run quieter because we won't have fans constantly running at a high RPM
c)Use Microgrids: Microgrids are small-scale power grids. The practice of using microgrids is known for distributed, dispersed, and decentralized energy production. Datacenter requires large amounts of power to operate so using microgrid technology helps to cut off costs and improve efficiency, reliability, etc.
5)Collocation Data Center
The collocation data center is a type of data center where retail customers can lease equipment, space, and bandwidth. Collocation Data Center has all the facilities like server space, power, backup system, cooling system, Intrusion Detection System, physical security for the server, storage and provide that at minimum low cost to the customer.
Suppose you are a private organization and if you want to set up own datacenter then it will be too costly and maintaining all power backup, cooling system and many more are very tedious work so these private organization can set up their own/rent server in the colocation data center and other all power backup, cooling system, electricity, internet bandwidth, etc will be maintained by the collocation data center and you should not have to worry much about their data, storage, uptime and downtime, bandwidth, electricity, security, etc.
You as a private organization will have to pay money for keeping their material and this money is found to be cheaper and less tedious as compared to establishing your own server and handle ownself. So, we can say the aim of the colocation data center is "Datacenter for all".