The processor is one of the important parts of a mobile phone. The processor has the ability to coordinate all the components of the phone. The performance of the Processor directly impacts any application that you run. For the good functioning of the camera, music player, gaming, etc, the processor plays an important role. It is like the brain of the human body. So, it's good knowing your mobile processor and its characteristics.
In the smartphone processor business, Qualcomm, Samsung, Huawei, MediaTek are the big name. Todays in the market most smartphones come with SOC Technology. They are small in size. Qualcomm is the largest provider of smartphone SOCs.
From this article, you will completely identify your CPU and this helps to build your confidence while buying a phone and asking for the specifications.
Before checking the mobile processor, it's better to have a few most important terms used in the processor industry.
Brand of the Processor
There are various brands of processors available on your mobile phone not all of them perform well. So, here are some of the good-performing processor brands are Qualcomm, Samsung, Huawei, MediaTek, HiSilicon.
fig.Snapdragon CPU by Qualcomm
According to nanoreview of august 2020, the best processor according to a brand is as follows.
|MediaTek||Dimensity 1000 Plus|
In the case of the global smartphone processor market share of the second quarter of 2020, Qualcomm acquired 32% followed by HiSilicon acquiring 22%. Samsung uses both the Snapdragon(from Qualcomm) and Exynos processor(own in-house product). Exynos seems to be faster for loading the apps and snapdragon is faster for graphics loading related things.
According to Centurion Mark (kind of raw benchmark),iPhone 12’s A14 Bionic chip is considered to be high performing CPU for both single-threaded and multi-threaded tasks.
Qualcomm's best processor includes snapdragon 2, 4,6,7,8 series, etc. Higher the value, latest the product, and higher the performance.
Architecture of the Processor
Android supports 3 types of processors. a) ARM b) Intel (X86 and X64) c) MIPS
iPhone supports an ARM-based architecture processor.
Among all these processors, ARM is considered to be the best processor architecture and most commonly used in the market. ARM-based SoC is developed by Samsung Electronics' System.
Mobile Processor nowadays comes in nanometer(nm) size. A small size processor has better power efficiency and performance. The latest high-end general processor size in the market is 7nm technology.
Some processor like A14 Bionic chip, Snapdragon 888, Exynos 1080 has been fabricated in 5nm technology.
For the same processor area, the smaller the nanometer value, the more the transistor can adjust on it than the processor with a larger nanometer value. So, more tasks can be performed in the given time frame in the processor which uses a smaller nanometer value. So, a 7nm A12 Bionic processor can adjust more transistors so it is faster, more power-efficient than a 16nm A10 Bionic processor.
More the number of cores in the processor, the more stuff the processor can do in a given time.
- Single-Core Processor has one processor core
- Dual-core processors have two processor cores
- Quad-core processors have four processor cores
- Octa-core processors have eight processor cores and soon
Big Gaint company nowadays has an octa-core processor in the market.
Clock Speed determines how quickly and efficiently the processor can retrieve and execute the instructions. Higher the clock speed, the faster the phone is. Current Mobile Phone speed comes in (megahertz)MHz or (Getahertz)GHz value.
Today's average best mobile processors have clock speeds ranging from 1.8 GHz to 2.8 GHz.
2 GHz seems to be twice faster than 1GHz but this does not happen and it depends on CPU architecture. Some do multiple instructions in one cycle and some may require more CPU cycles to complete the same instruction. So, do not compare CPU clock speed between different brands and architecture.
Cache Memory Size
Smartphone processors do have Cache Memory. Cache memory is small high-speed memory present as a part of the CPU. Cache memory is a volatile memory that helps in improving related to data retrieval from and to the processor. It is small in size and costlier than the main memory. It holds the data and instruction which the CPU holds mostly. It exists as a buffer between RAM and Processor.
If the processor wants to process the instruction then it first checks in cache and if not found then request from RAM.So, frequently used data are stored in Cache memory for reducing the average time to access data from the main memory. It has high cache memory, then will be higher the hit ratio, and better the performance of the processor because there will be more chance of getting data in cache memory for a high cache memory-based processor.
Apple A14 Bionic Processor has an L3 Cache Memory of 8 MB. (source)
Ways of Checking Mobile Phone Processor
1. Using Third-Party Software
For getting detailed information about your processor and system, we recommend you to use third-party software like
CPUZ, Inware, Droid Hardware Info, My Device – Device info, CPU Monitor, etc.
CPU-Z is a free application created by CPUID which provides reports including
- Soc Information: Cpu Architecture, no. of the core, clock speed, the clock speed of each core.
- Device Information: Device Model, DeviceBrand, RAM, Storage, screen size, and resolution
- System information, Android Version, Kernel Version, runtime environment
- Battery Status, different types of sensor used.
From the first Tab of the Above image We Find:
- CPU Brand and Manufacturer: Samsung
- CPU Type: Exynos
- Number of Core: 8
- CPU Architecture: ARM
- Min - Max Clock Speed: 546 MHz - 1.59 GHz
- CPU Core (8 core) with frequency: CPU 0, CPU 1, CPU 2, CPU 3, CPU 4, CPU 5, CPU 6, CPU 7
Here currently only 4 core are active currently.
You can look at the second and first Tab for knowing more about your system.
It is available for android as well as iOS.If you are an android user you need Android version 2.2 and above. If you are an iOS user you need iOS 11.0 and above.
One main con is it shows too many ads.
Droid Info is free android hardware information apps that provide detailed information about your mobile phone. It gives a device, system, memory, camera, temperature, battery, and sensor details.
Features wise it has a limited feature than another popular app under the same category.
1 c) InWare Apps( 2.62 MB )
1 d) Tinycore
It provides information related to monitoring types(CPU usage, CPU frequency, ram usage, battery level) in an easy way, etc.
2. Using Mobile Phone Setting
This is a tedious way but will work
In Android: Goto Setting > About Phone, this will give your basic system information. There you will find "Model Name", just copy it and search in google for detailed information.
In iPhone: Goto Setting >General > About, this will give you basic system information. There search "Model Name", just copy it and search in google for detailed information.
3. Using Cell Phone Case Box
Suppose you are going to buy a phone then you can find the processor used in the phone in the case box. Only you have to know which is good and ok for you.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Ans: Just download any one of above mention third-party tools like CPU-Z, Inware, Droid Info Mobile Apps, etc, and know your phone is snapdragon or Exynos. Samsung uses both of these processors. In Samsung Galaxy S10, Exynos 9820 is used, whereas, in Samsung Galaxy S10+, Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 is used. For the Asian market, Samsung largely used Exynos and for European and North American markets, Snapdragon is mostly used.
Ans: In the current market, the A14 Bionic processor is considered to be the best Processor in both CPU and GPU performance.