Can I plug DDR5 RAM into the DDR4 motherboard socket?


👤 Diwas Poudel    🕒 Jan 29 2022    📁 Fix    📜 0 comment

DDR5 RAM is the most recent RAM technology on the market. Only a few laptops and computers on the market today have a DDR5 RAM slot on the motherboard.

Now you're wondering how to improve system performance, and the simplest way is to upgrade your memory. The most recent memory available is DDR5 RAM, and you're wondering if DDR5 RAM is compatible with your old DDR4 RAM-based Motherboard. Then my answer will be emphatic No.

Motherboards can only support one type of memory technology: DDR3, DDR4, or DDR5.So, in order to use DDR5 RAM, your motherboard must have a DDR5 RAM slot.As a result, we can conclude that DDR5 RAM and DDR4 slot motherboards are incompatible.They are incompatible for a variety of reasons.

1 Physical Structure

DDR4 and DDR5 "Key Notch" positions are slightly different and do not align with each other.On DDR5 modules, it is slightly to the left, and it is provided notches in various locations to prevent incorrect insertion.As a result, the sockets for DDR4 RAM and DDR5 RAM are distinct.As a result, we cannot use DDR5 RAM in a DDR4 Socket and vice versa.

However, the number of pins for both DDR4 and DDR5 RAM is the same, i.e. 288.Though the pin counts are the same, the command and address buses in DDR5 RAM are shrunk and partitioned differently.So, DDR5 based RAM required DDR5 based motherboard and DDR4 based RAM required DDR4 supported motherboard.

Conclusion: No. You can't even physically insert the DDR5 RAM card in DDR4 Motherboard because the locator notch in the two technologies is different.

2 Operation Voltage

DDR4 and DDR5 operation voltages differ. DDR4 RAM has an operating voltage of 1.2V, while DDR5 RAM has an operating voltage of 1.1V.As a result, the power supply for DDR4 slots in motherboards should be 1.2V, and if it is physically possible to connect DDR5 RAM in DDR4 slots, your DDR5 RAM may be damaged due to a 0.1V voltage excces supply to it.

3 Power Mangement

According to reports, voltage regulation parts for DDR5 RAM have been moved from the motherboard to the individual RAM stick, making each DIMM responsible for their own voltage regulation.  As a result, each DIMM should now have its own voltage regulator circuit. As a result, the motherboard and CPU socket must be designed accordingly. As a result, existing DDR4 Sockets do not support DDR5 RAM.So, DDR5 RAM are not compatible with DDR4 Socket (even if DDR5 RAM fits in DDR4 Socket).

4 Memory Bandwidth

Memory bandwidth refers to how quickly data can be retrieved from or written to a memory stick. DDR5 RAM is said to have a frequency double that of DDR4 RAM.DDR4 has maximum support of up to 3.2 gigabits per second per pin. DDR5 has a maximum support of 6.4 Gigabits per second per pin.

DDR4 RAM operates at frequencies ranging from 1600MHz to 3200MHz (Overclocked not included) whereas DDR5 memory operates at speeds ranging from 3200Mhz to 6400Mhz (Overclocked not included)As a result, the processor and motherboard should be designed in such a way that they can support DDR5 frequencies.

5 Channel Architecture

The processor and motherboard should be designed with the DIMM channel architecture of the RAM in mind.Current processors and motherboards are not designed to work with DDR5 DIMM architecture, which states that each DIMM has a left and right side served by an independent 40 bit wide channel.

Note that Processor like 12th Gen Intel Core "Alder Lake" desktop processors is one of the processor which is compatible with DDR5 memory.