Advantages and Disadvantages of Insurance

👤 Diwas Poudel    🕒 25 Feb 2023    📁 FINANCE

Our lives and property are completely at risk, with no guarantees or certainty of the future. Furthermore, there is no guarantee that an unexpected loss or damage to the property or company will not occur. These risks may or may not result in financial losses, but they must be quantified. We cannot protect against all of these risks, so the only option is insurance.

What is insurance?

Insurance is a type of risk management that protects people's lives, homes, and businesses from financial risks.
In this article, we will mainly focus on the advantages and disadvantages of insurance.

What happens in Insurance?

You pay a monthly or annual fee to the insurance company to insure your life, health, vehicle, property, and so on for a set period of time. In exchange, if the insured person or object is damaged, the insurer pays for the financial loss. So, for a small fee, you are transferring the risk of financial loss to an insurance company due to life and property uncertainties.

Insurance has benefits and drawbacks for individuals, property, society, and businesses. Many of the benefits and drawbacks of insurance are beyond the scope of this article, which cannot cover them all.

Advantages of Insurance

These are some of the advantages of doing insurance.

1 Financial Protection

In life, there is no such thing as a guarantee. There may be a loss of life, as well as some business accidents. The loss is difficult to bear in both of these cases. As a result, insurance provides financial protection against such a sudden loss.


In the event of death, he/she family member may be able to receive financial assistance from insurance. In the event of a business loss, insurance provides financial assistance to help the company recover and rebuild. In the case of health insurance, he or she may be eligible for financial assistance in treating his or her health.

Note: Insurance has terms and conditions and if all the things meet then only he/she will get financial support from insurance.

2 Distribution of Risk/Spreading of Risk

The underlying concept of insurance is to spread the risk across a large number of people. People pay a certain amount to an insurance company up to a certain time or lifetime and receive a refund if a loss occurs. Risk in life or business cannot be eliminated, but it can be reduced, distributed, or shared. So, in this case, insurance companies bear risks in order to redistribute business and individual risks among insurance companies.

3 Stability of Living Standard

Insurance provides financial support to ensure that people can sustain and maintain stability in living standards against an unforeseen risk of losses.

4 Encouragement to Savings

In insurance, people pay a certain amount of money for a fixed time or lifetime based on an agreement and this helps to develop a habit of saving money. Knowing the importance of saving, people start saving in various fields.


5 Job Opportunities

Insurance, like any other business, is a successful business model. It targets many entrepreneurs and business owners. As a result, there is a lot of cash flow in the business. They need employees to handle and maintain cash flow and run the business, so they open vacancies in various positions based on qualifications and provide job opportunities.

Job Opportunities

Here, employees may get on the basis of the following policies: "harder you work, more money you earn".

Insurance companies and agencies make lots of money by selling and providing service insurance.

6 Promotes foreign/international trades

Many years ago, people were afraid to engage in international trade because of the possibility of accidents while transporting goods via ships, roads, or other modes of transportation. However, in today's competitive global economy, insurance companies bear all of those risks and compensate for losses. They also protect an exporter of goods and services from nonpayment by a foreign buyer.

international trades

So, there is various commercial trade insurance like Export Credit Insurance(ECI) doing such activities.

7 Loan Facilities

If a company has purchased insurance, banks are more likely to lend to that company. No, the problem for large businesses is getting a loan from a bank, but if you have a small business or a startup and have done business insurance, your chances of getting a loan from a bank increase.


Furthermore, banks will almost always require new companies that rely on the main founders to obtain insurance against the deaths of one or more of the founders in order to reduce risk. In addition, the fine print directs that the payment on death be made to the bank first, in order to pay off the loan.

Also, if you have life and health insurance yourself, you have a better chance of getting a loan from a financial institution.

8 Stability of Business

Even if your company suffers unexpected losses, insurance can help you manage your losses. Taking out an insurance policy for your employees will encourage them to come into the office. As a result, insurance aids in the smooth operation of the office. And business will become more stable.

9 Specialization

Insurance, like other financial products, is designated for specific purposes. This allows you to use the funds for the initial purpose you selected.

10 Increase in investment

Insurance promotes individuals and businesses to invest in new things.

11 Competitiveness

If you have insurance, then there will not be any tension related to business, and life, and health. so, you can focus on your task and compete with others.

12 Society and Country Welfare

The insurance company collects a large amount of money from an insured and they invest in the development of trade and industry, which finally leads the society and country toward development.

13 Preserves Confidentiality

If there is some death in the family then the death benefit or to whom the death benefits are payable will not be recorded publicly. This helps to preserve confidentiality for the beneficiary of the policy.

14 Tax-free money

Another advantage of insurance is that the funds are often tax-delayed. The benefits and all other earnings you may earn under the policy are tax-free, except in the case of employer insurance schemes where benefits are regarded as normal taxable income.
For example, life insurance reduces the risk that your family will be unable, if you have saved enough to pay off your remaining debt, to pay the normal bills in the event of sudden death. If you die during your lifetime insurance, your beneficiary's payment is tax-free.

15 Short Term Coverage

The insurance coverage period can be changed. If you have short-term needs then you can choose shorter-length insurance.

16 Long Term Coverage

Long-term insurance is an option if you have long-term needs. It may be more cost-effective in some situations in the long run compared to short-term coverage.
You can use life insurance to pay for other policies such as pensions or long-term care without paying taxes on the difference. Furthermore, by utilizing features such as this, you can improve your cash accumulation by increasing your life insurance death benefit.

17  Easy to Apply

There are many genuine sources where you can get insurance information and compare insurance of one company with another and can apply online form as well. Example:policygenius   

18 Peace of Mind

Peace of mind from knowing that your family is financially secure if something happens to you and you are the only source of income.

Disadvantages of Insurance

Insurance also has some defects in it. Some of them are as follows:

1 Term and Conditions

Insurance does not cover every type of loss that can happen to an individual or a business. They have terms and conditions, and they only provide financial assistance based on those terms. Please read the terms and conditions of any insurance before purchasing it. Also, seek assistance from the appropriate person in order to obtain accurate information about an insurance policy.

2 Long Legal formalities

It may take a long legal procedure for receiving your claims.

3 Fraud Agency

There are lots of fraud agencies available in the market so, before taking any type of insurance do exercise yourself or take the help of an expert.

4 Not for all People

Some insurance, such as life and health insurance, do not cover sick or elderly people in most cases. Their insurance may be costly. Do your homework before enrolling in insurance.

5 Potential crime incidents

It could lead to social crimes as the users of the policy are tempted to commit crimes to get the insured money.

6 Temporary and Termination

Insurance is temporary and will be terminated when the individual no longer belongs to the group.

7 Can be Expensive

Often, the cost can vary depending on the policy and other factors. However, if you buy at the right time, for the right reasons, and with the right coverage, you may be able to get the best price.

8 Rise in Subsequent Premium

You should keep an eye out for the different premium prices offered by various insurance companies. Determine at the beginning whether or not your premium will be fixed or if the rate of inflation will change from time to time.
The premium depends on your medical profile, medical history, and age. If these factors are identified to increase your rate of death, life insurance may charge you more for coverage.
Insurance Premium: Amount of money paid by an individual or business for the insurance policy to the insurance company
9 Because of a lack of efficient awareness, everyone is not able to get knowledge of insurance, so may needs agents and have to pay an extra amount for him.
10 Some insurance will not pay back if the policyholder never suffers from the loss.
11 Often, if the program is surrendered, political holder cannot recover the premium.

12 Add expenses for some project: In some construction projects where compensation for the workers for injuries is common, then insurance for these companies can be expensive. They are expensive as compared to other IT and accounting offices.

13  Annoying and Frustration: It takes time and energy to review all the insurance claims, which irritates people and may lead to frustration. So, it's a good idea to make sure you've done your insurance correctly.

14 In general, in all types of insurance, Cash surrender values are typically lower than premiums paid in the first few years of the policy, and a policy owner may not be able to recover all of the premiums paid if the policy is surrendered.
15 There are many exclusions in life insurance policies, so you should understand everything about the policy you intend to purchase before signing on the dotted line. For example, your policy may not cover death caused by a drug overdose or involvement in criminal or illegal activities.
16 Over insurance: Purchasing excessive insurance coverage can be wasteful and result in higher-than-necessary rates.
17 Moral Hazards: Moral hazard occurs when people take more risks because they feel insured. Losses and insurance costs may rise.
Before making a choice to purchase or use insurance, it's vital to weigh the benefits against the costs.
18 False Sense of Security: Insurance can give people a false sense of security, causing them to take unnecessary risks or not take measures.
Insurance is critical and should be obtained by everyone in order to ensure a happy and secure future for future generations.